- Posted by Team Superwoman
- On October 2, 2013
Readers discretion is advised. This article contains contexts of the female menstrual cycle.
Is it just me or have some of you ladies ever wondered the cause of the changes you get before/during your menstrual cycle? From having sudden enormous boobs to painful nipples, swollen legs, pimples, weight gain and all that. These activities are known as Pre Mensural Syndrome (PMS) and understanding what is happening, what is normal for you and what you can do to make life a bit smoother can make all the difference.. There's so much going on in the body and these are the reasons for them
Why you get bigger boobs:
Your period is essentially the shedding of the uterine lining (in your womb) that was built up by hormones to receive a fertilized egg, (ie Baby). The growth you are feeling is the hormones (Progesterone and Oestrogen) that build up the Uterine lining having the same effect on building up your breast glands to be able to provide milk for that baby. If no egg is fertilized, the process stops. IF you are pregnant they keep growing
Why you get fatter
Progesterone and Oestrogen hormones cause your body to retain water and that's what makes you look fat or causes some parts of your body to swell. So in actuality you're not fat, your body's just hoarding water that's why you return to normal size afterwards. Nevertheless, reduction in your sodium (salt) intake will reduce your bloating.
Why your nipples hurt
The expansion of your breast caused by water retention and progesterone preparing your body for breast milk also affects your nipples. As your breast breast expand, your nipples expand as well preparing to dispath breast milk, it is this strech in the nipples that causes them to hurt and sometimes even protrude.
Why your face gets rough
Along with oestrogen and progestorone production the ovaries also produce testosterone (a male reproductive hormone but present in small quantities in women). In males, testosterone levels remain at a constant level all month, but in females testosterone levels increase before and during menstruation when this occurs, the adrenal glands become overactive and produce more androgens than normal. Androgens are hormones that stimulate oil production in the sebaceous glands, which ultimately leads to clogged pores and acne thus making your face rough.
Drinking at least eight glasses of water a day helps flush toxins out of the body, thus also promoting hydrated, healthier skin and reducing acne. Reducing your oil intake also helps.
Why your abdomen hurts
You get cramps (abdominal pain) during menstruation because your uterus is contracting to help shed the lining that is not longer needed. Prostoglandins (which are hormone-like substances) make the smooth muscle tissue contract. Women who experience more severe pain have higher levels of prostoglandins. These high levels create strong uterine contractions and make the nerve endings more sensitive.
To reduce this pain you can exercise and move around. This helps improve the blood flow and produces pain-fighting endorphins. Eating a healthy diet and avoid caffeine helps too. Apply heat to your abdomen with a heating pad or a hot water bottle. You can also take a hot bath. Give yourself a gentle massage. It's your muscles that are working and massage helps relax tense muscles.
Why you get mood swings
Researchers don't know (yet) the exact connection between mood swings and PMS but it is known for sure that these emotional disturbances are caused by the rise and fall of the different hormones. From testosterone to progestorone and especially oestrogen and others. All these hormonal activities are responsible for emotional imbalances.
Why you get horny
Don't worry dear, there's no need to feel embarrassed lots of ladies feel this way too and these are the reasons
1) As you're probably aware, the ovaries produce hormones.
Not only do they produce oestrogen, they also produce some testosterone which is what makes men crave sex a lot. So increased production of it is making you think a little like a man #winks
2) your abdominal muscles and the nerve endings down there are hypersensitive during menstruation, and that's why you get horny.
These are the normal symptoms experienced by ladies so if your's is out of the ordinary you might have PMDD Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. Do well to see a doctor. Taking this abnormality to be normal can cost you your womb and even take a toll on your mental health.